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Neolithic navigation

THEMATIC: NAVEGATION NEOLITIC
The human being sailed on the seas another million years before CHRIST. And more precisely in the neolithic, there are fantastic things, a great active trading network in the world taking the Mediterranean by center. But not only the MAR, the rivers and lakes of the Neolithic period.
The history of the navigation begins with trunks of trees, the drift and then with oars. The next evolution was 2 techniques and maybe in parallel moments of History or not. The technique of tying trunks to one another using fibers and even leather, and the other technique, digging trunks of trees. Thus began the raft or Raft and the dugout. The later evolutionary moment was the coracle, perhaps. The corsair mounted on leather and on light frame structures, easy to carry was used in Europe until the 1920s, but in this 20th century only for individual fishing. CORACLE was surely used for fishing, hunting, commercial activities, military actions, territorial exploration. It is a ship versatile and easily transported by its owner, similar to a tarturaga helmet. Canoas indicated that they served for maritime crossings driven by primitive sails, but in European rivers they were sent towards the descent of the rivers. In PORTUGAL it was the old tradition and transport of the famous WINE OF PORTO by RIO DOURO. Canoes may have been used with rowers and many cultures allow to prove this viability for the Neolithic. The Dugot is a boat that surely also served many purposes in European rivers.

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CORACLE
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LONG RAFT
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ASIATIC RAFT
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TAMIL RAFT
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Oceanic RAFT AUSTRALIA
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DUGOT
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Process construction Dugot’s
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Boats Neolithic

Great ships

Sources:
http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~vaucher/History/Prehistoric_Craft/

https://en.natmus.dk/historical-knowledge/denmark/prehistoric-period-until-1050-ad/the-mesolithic-period/the-dugout-boat-from-broksoe/the-dugout-boats-of-the-stone-age/

http://duckworksmagazine.com/11/columns/guest/voyagers/index.htm

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NEOLITHIC BOATS AND SHIPS

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Game: Empire Earth/Stone Age.
Port and Ship fishing

Ship Fishing - Coracle.

Ship War - Raft “jangada”
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Attack ship transport

Ship Transport - Raft
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Today reconstructions


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Dugouts -Europe
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Outrigger - Polynesian - Oceania
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Fishing - Oceania
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Umiak - Greenland
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Source: http://indigenousboats.blogspot.com/2011/04/greenland-umiak-part-ii-construction.html

Umiak - garage.
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Others
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Sources:
http://www.greece.com/news/1108/Back_in_the_Paleolithic_Era_The_First_Mariners.html

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CORACLE.
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Source: https://study.com/academy/lesson/boat-facts-history-lesson-for-kids.html

The coracle is one of the most primitive boat types known. It allowed the ancients in the NEOLITICO to navigate rivers, lakes, ponds, and marshes to explore, colonize, hunt, collect and even market using navigable waterways, especially rivers.

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Source:https://iscc.marinersmuseum.org/watercraft/bull-boat/

Its lightweight structure allowed the fisherman or transporter and even warriors and hunters carry it easily on the back, by means of appropriate body straps and position. There are however Coracles of various sizes some have seating for more than one people.

Coracles were also built in reeds, and other fibers and receiving resins or bitumen for waterproofing.

Making a Skin Coracle from start to finish

Making - Process of Bamboo Coracle

More informations:

DUGOT and LOG BOAT

In this movie you will see some shipbuilding techniques for primitive boat types. In this movie you will still see swamp shoes. Undoubtedly very suitable for heaths and bogs.

Log boat and Dugot were excavated, this technique is more similar to what probably occurred in the Neolithic era and combined with some techniques from the previous video. Log bots and primitive dugots do not seem to have internal support frames from the previous video.
But many techniques of the previous video are primitive and allow to assume were techniques used as for example.
Log boat and Dugot were excavated, this technique is more similar to what probably occurred in the Neolithic era and combined with some techniques from the previous video. Log bots and primitive dugots do not seem to have internal support frames from the previous video.

But many techniques of the previous video are primitive and allow to suppose were techniques used. But used without metal tooling. Which must have caused a lot of construction time.

  • External excavation
  • Internal excavation.
  • Internal and external resins (hypermeability).
  • Internal structuring. Placing struts in an “X” pattern.
  • External burn.
  • Internal frame (Stones
    Although in the previous video shows the construction of internal structures, it seems to be only a later technical evolution, although it is possible, in theory, with the use of stone axes and scrapers. We must assume that in the previous video the internal structures are placed in the bot log between 3:25 minutes and 4:09 minutes and later. They do not correspond to the initial and medium Neolithic, but a later evolution, perhaps late for the copper and bronze axes. The dugout’s and Log bots of the period are generally fragments, and have thickness at their edges, indicating that they are devoid of internal structures. But this is also not a generic standard. There was a lot of creative outpouring in the Neolithic. It was not a static technological period. For this reason it is possible to see a naval diversity, surprising of materials and types of boats. The resources available were also important to collaborate constructively

Another very important technique is possibly used for log boats.
This rational technique makes it even more logical. Internally excavated by framing the inner support structures of the boat. This allows more support and shorter working time, an evolution without a doubt.
Also noteworthy for other techniques possible have been used in the Neolithic:

  • Rope with dyeing for cutting marking.
  • Primitive crane.
  • Levers of force.
    Video in: Santo Antonio do Levegener -MT - BRAZIL.

This technique does not require bitumen or waterproofing resins.

The method of excavating with fire seems to be another very viable technique for the Neolithic in the construction of canoes, dugouts, log boats.

Long bot bamboo

Inflatable raft


Basket boat


Source; http://indigenousboats.blogspot.com/2018/02/basket-boats-on-gulf-of-tonkin.html

Woven Bamboo Construction

When I first saw woven basket boats I assumed they were woven just as you see them, in the round. Although there are a lot of variations on the theme, the fact is that they are all woven as flat mats to start. Then a rim or outline of the boat is set up on stakes driven in the ground. In this case, since the boat is a slender canoe, the rim is a pair of book-matched bamboo halves, lashed at the ends, the gunnels. If it were a round basket boat it would have a rim made from a long thin split of bamboo bent into a full circle.

With the rim securely lashed to the stakes and (in this case) the ends propped up on low saw horses, the mat is unrolled on top of the gunnels, centered up and then in a magical few minutes, squashed down into a boat shape by walking it down, thumping it and gently urging it until it’s fair and true. There is enough give in the woven mat to let it gradually become a three dimensional boat.

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Rolling Out Woven Mat onto Gunnels

At that point it’s just a matter of squeezing in a pair of inwales and temporarily lashing the whole works together, sawing off the excess mat, lashing in a thwart or two and placing the permanent monofilament lashing all around. Of course, some boats will require some wooden framing, perhaps an engine with its associated stern tube, water supply pipe and so forth, and of course, they’ll all need a coat of tar or resin to keep out the water.

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Walking the Mat into 3-Dimensional Shape
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Permanent Monofilament Lashing

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Trimming the Mat

Source: http://www.boatsandrice.com/wovenBamboo.html


Boat Shasha
Source: http://indigenousboats.blogspot.com/2012/04/shasha-arabian-bundle-boat.html

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makes me think of land navigation now