The screenshots showing a woman with a bow were quite inspiring and one of the reasons I became really interested in the game. Prehistoric books, games, movies and TV often heavily enforce the notion of hard and strict gender roles in ancient society: Men are warriors, hunters and artisans. Women mothers, gatherers and perform domestic functions. Luckily, this out-of-date notion isn’t really supported by the evidence. Examining inhumation (burials) at Neolithic sites has revealed that many aspects of life were not always gender-specific or that the gender specificity of roles varied by peoples and cultures.
(This looks like a great start!!!)
Examination of those inhumed at many sites, e.g. Çatalhöyük (Haddow, S. (2016). Çatalhöyük), have shown the presence of a rather egalitarian society (this is based off of the burial objects, position within the settlement, and a general analysis of the probably health of the individual, based off of their remains). While such examples are hardly conclusive of the entirety of the Neolithic, it brings up the question of gender roles within the game. It may be reasonable to assign all forms of task to all genders, rather than “man tasks” or “woman tasks.”
Beyond opening up most tasks to being non-gender specific, I would also consider the inclusion of woman in defense and even offensive roles. They have as much of a stake in the defense of their village as the men and a typical neolithic woman could likely handle a bow or club just fine, given a life exposed to such implements. The idea of a female warrior or hunter is not actually a new concept. Female warriors have existed throughout time and are documented in recorded history, though regrettably, little mention of them is often made. Many cultures have featured proud female warriors, such as the Scythians, Picts, Iranians, general Celtic Peoples, and a host of other groups. Sometimes these women were special people who rose above the general roles of women, and sometimes their respective cultures allowed for women to generally attain such posts.
In the early Neolithic period of Europe, dedicated warriors were probably not very common given the overall lack of significant fortified dwellings at the beginning of the period, though it is likely, some warriors did exist. The role of tribal defense was probably the job of hunters, mostly men. It is possible that some women may have attained the social rank of a hunter or even warrior in some individual cases. Though no body of evidence of this exists, the possibility may be inferred from the general existence of such practices within the descendants of the same Neolithic peoples, in later times.
Haddow, S. (2016). Çatalhöyük 2016 Archive Report. [ebook] Çatalhöyük Research Project, p.142. Available at: http://www.catalhoyuk.com/sites/default/files/media/pdf/Archive_Report_2016.pdf [Accessed 10 Jul. 2017].